- Territory - 1266 square miles (3,280 sq. km)
- Center - City of Darkhan, located 143 miles (230km) from Ulaanbaatar.
- Number of soum - 4 (Darkhan, Sharyn Gol, Khongor, Orkhon)
- Darkhan-Uul aimag was established in 1994.
Geography and landscape:
On 17 October, 1961, the foundation of Darkhan city was laid in the economically favorable land of Darkhan soum, in Selenge aimag.
The soum was abolished and the settlement came under the new Darkhan Administration, in 1963. Joint-ventures with the assistance of former socialist countries were set up in Darkhan in 1970 - 1990, that have significantly contributed to the city's development and today it is a highly industrialized region of Mongolia. As Darkhan aimag used to be a part of Selenge aimag, biodiversity and climate are quite similar to those in Selenge. 76 percent of the population of Darkhan - Uul aimag’s live in Darkhan, of which 86 percent lives in residential apartments.
Darkhan-Uul province lies between the Khangai and Khentii mountain ranges in the Orkhon and Selenge’s vast river valleys. In the 32,750 square kilometers of this province there are many places of great natural beauty. The province’s territory is located 700 meters above sea level. Darkhan has a continental climate with average summertime temperatures reaching 25 to 30 Celsius and winter temperatures between minus 10 to 30 degrees Celsius. Darkhan has over 260 sunny days per year.
By the end of the year 2004, the province population was 90,400 with people originating from every corner of Mongolia. Like the Mongolian population as a whole, most of the residents of Darkhan are young people.
Darkhan is the second largest educational center in Mongolia, making the educational level of the city’s population very high. Hundreds of students come to Darkhan from other parts of Mongolia to study. Currently in Darkhan Uul Aimag there are 10 higher education institutions, 25 secondary schools, 14 kindergartens, the Institute of Management and Development, the Regional Business Development Center and the Plant Science and Agricultural Training Research Institute.
Tourists who visit Darkhan can expect to find fresh air, blue skies, a quiet environment, and plenty of open space to enjoy many outdoor activities, such as hunting and fishing. Places of interest accessible from Darkhan City include Zulzagiin Gol, an area of natural beauty 30km to the east, and Amarbayasgalant monastery one of the largest and most important monasteries in Mongolia approximately 3 hours drive to the west.
Brief explanations of the sights:
- Darkhan. Population 95,500. Darkhan is the second largest city in Mongolia. This city is, in fact, not part of Selenge aimag, but an autonomous municipality, Darkhan-Uul. The city was built in the middle of nowhere in 1961 as a satellite town to take pressure off the sprawling Ulaanbaatar, and as a northern industrial center. Darkhan, which means 'blacksmith', is a modern, sterile place. Fortunately, Darkhan's designers put a little thought into urban planning, so the industrial smokestacks are on the south side of town and the pollution is carried away from residential areas by the relentless northern wind. The Russians designed the city in their image and a sizeable Russian community still lives in Darkhan.
- Museum of Darkhan-Uul. This museum, also named the Traditional Museum of Folk Art contains a well laid out collection of archaeological findings, traditional clothing, religious artifacts and a few obligatory stuffed animals.
Kharagiin Khiid. Probably the most interesting sight in Darkhan is the Kharagiin monastery. Housed in a pretty log cabin in the old town, it has recently become very active. With a host of protector deities and a tree encased in blue khatag silk scarves, the monastery has the feel of a pilgrimage center.